History of Khairuddin (Hayreddin) Barbarossa | Hindi/Urdu | Nuktaa - Livez Pk
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History of Khairuddin (Hayreddin) Barbarossa | Hindi/Urdu | Nuktaa

Hayreddin Barbarossa ( Khayr al-Din Barbarus, original name Khiḍr), also known as Hızır Hayrettin Pasha, and simply Hızır Reis, was an Ottoman corsair and later admiral of the Ottoman Navy. Barbarossa's naval victories secured Ottoman dominance over the Mediterranean during the mid-16th century.
Born on Lesbos, Khizr began his naval career as a corsair under his elder brother Oruç Reis. In 1516, the brothers captured Algiers from Spain, with Oruç declaring himself as Sultan. Following Oruç's death in 1518, Khizr inherited his brother's nickname, "Barbarossa" ("Redbeard" in Italian). He also received the honorary name Hayreddin (from Arabic Khayr ad-Din, "goodness of the faith" or "best of the faith"). In 1529, Barbarossa retook the Peñón of Algiers from the Spaniards.

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